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Modern Middle East

Targeting an extensive audience, Mehran Kamrava writes about the events starting from the collapse of the Ottoman Empire to the present day, considering central concerns like the dynamic forces of economic growth, dictatorial survival, and the Israel-Palestinian war.

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The Latin American History

After having gained independence, Latin America obtained neither civil liberties nor prosperity because of archaic methods of managing in agriculture, elimination of the local colonial elites, and militarization of societies; nevertheless, in the nineteenth century, the European Industrial Revolution was changing the lifestyle in the region and forming the new market relations in economies.

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Transcendentalism and Views of the Individual and Society

Romanticism as a literary movement originated in Europe in the late XVIII century. “From the late XVIII century to the end of the XIX century, in both Europe and the United States, an artistic and intellectual movement called romanticism became a dominant force in politics, religion, and the arts” (Ladd, Anesko, Phillips, and Meyers 4).

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The Syrian Conflict

As the wave of the Arab Spring swept from Tunisia, Libya, Egypt through the Middle East, authoritarian Arab regimes that were thought to be secure from protests and impossible to topple began to face immense protests (Inbar 102).

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The Significance of the 'Arab Spring' Phenomenon

Arguably, the Arab uprising in northern Africa was a result of distinct causes and social media platforms that partly acted as catalysts. In fact, the causes and methods of revolution in Libya, Tunisia, and Egypt vary widely.

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Spanish American War

The Spanish-American War was crucial for the United States of America. In its essence, it started the imperialist stage of capitalism. The war began redistribution of colonies between the great powers of the world.

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Cyrus The Great King Of Persia

The leader of Persians, Cyrus II, created a powerful empire due to his military force and ability to find allies among the subdued people. It is known that Cyrus was able to inspire army with the faith in victory despite the fact that the enemy usually was superior in force and number.

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Helen of Sparta and the Devastating Power of Beauty

Helen’s beauty was able “to launch a thousand ships”. It is the main reason why the war that lasted for ten years broke out. This conflict gathered a big amount of gods, goddesses, kings, and heroes on the opposite sides and caused many deaths and the destruction of the whole nation.

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Comprehensive Drug Abuse and Control Act of 1970

In the late 19th century, drugs became widely spread in the USA. During the Civil War, almost all kinds of drugs were used as a medical treatment. Injured patients were given them during surgeries. Opium was one of the most popular substances.

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Iraq Kuwait War

The Gulf War that took place between 1990 and 1991 qualifies to be one of the biggest wars in which American army was involved since Vietnam and became the turning point of the international politics taking place in the Middle East